How Do Doctors Define Autism?
The DSM-5 defines 3 main characteristics as necessary for diagnosing autism. These are deficits in socio-emotional reciprocity, which refers to deficits in conversations and social interactions, non-verbal communication, which include hand gestures and eye contact, and deficits in relationships, which includes making friends.
Outside of these 3 main characteristics, there are 4 symptoms that often accompany autism. However, a patient does not need all 4 to qualify as autistic. By definition, patients need to show at least two of these four symptoms, either currently or in the past, to qualify as having Autism Spectrum Disorder.
4 Key Symptoms of Autism
High and Low Sensitivity
Summary of Autism Symptoms
Autism Spectrum Disorder
The Key Deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorder