Overall Attention Deficit Growth Trend
If you've ever suspected that more kids today have ADD/ADHD than before, a new study says that you may be right.
The prevalence of ADHD among American kids has increased from 6% in 2997 to over 10% in 2016.
At least some of this may be driven by higher awareness of the disorder. The symptoms of ADHD, including lack of attention and hyperactivity, may have been regarded as normal in the past. With increasing awareness, more parents may be seeking help for their kids.
Incidence vs Prevalence
ADD vs ADHD
ADD/ADHD Trends by Race
When the data is broken down by race, we can see that Attention Deficit Disorder has grown in every race of kids in the United States. It has grown the fastest among African American children.
Today, around 13% of African American children have been diagnosed with ADHD, compared to around 12% of Caucasian children and 6.1% of Hispanic children.
Of note, these numbers refer to diagnosed cases of ADHD rather than the total cases of kids who have ADHD. ADHD as a disorder can often go underdiagnosed (or overdiagnosed) depending on awareness, access to mental health services, and cultural factors.
ADD/ADHD Trends by Income
ADHD also shows different trends and rates depending on a family's income. Children from lower income families, with incomes below the poverty line, have the highest rates of ADHD.
Wealthier kids have the lowest rates of ADHD, though the differences were small between any income above poverty.
ADD/ADHD Trends by Gender and Age
When it comes to gender, ADHD is about twice as common among boys than among girls. This gender difference has remained roughly stable over the past 20 years.
When we look at age groups, we can see that many cases of ADHD are not diagnosed until after kids reach age 12, as evidenced by the significantly higher rate of ADHD in kids ages 12-17.
Can ADHD Be Treated?
Absolutely. Experts in fact recommend treating ADHD with medication and behavior therapy together. Studies have shown that treatment for ADHD can be highly effective.
For elementary school–aged children (6–11 years of age), the primary care clinician should prescribe US Food and Drug Administration–approved medications for ADHD and/or evidence-based parent and/or teacher-administered behavior therapy as treatment for ADHD, although preferably both medication and behavior therapy should be used together.
If you suspect that your kids may have ADHD, get them tested. ADHD is not something to be ashamed of. As the data shows, it's also not uncommon at all. If your kids get diagnosed and treated, they may be able to unlock significant potential and capabilites that were hindered by ADHD.
Related: Anxiety and Learning
Another disorder that can affect learning is Anxiety, particularly social anxiety.
Anxiety can get in the way of learning in stressful situations. Neuroscience shows that anxiety keeps your brain from adapting to volatility. Small changes to the learning environment can make it much easier for anxious individuals
Related: Writing vs Typing
When it comes to learning, students and teachers have debated endlessly about writing vs typing notes. However, there have been few scientific studies on this matter, until recently. Researchers from Princeton University set out to finally settle this with an experiment to determine once and for all, which is better writing or typing?